India and Nepal are neighboring countries in South Asia. Both countries are beautiful in a different manner. These two countries have the good relation as well. Let’s have a closer look some 50 interesting facts about India and Nepal in terms of economy, geography, nature, tourism, literature, trade, border, treaty etc. These facts or tips may be helpful for Lok Sewa aayog Nepal exam preparation.
About India and Nepal
Asia is a continent of diversity. It contains the hottest area, coldest area, the highest peak, deep gorge, deepest valley, and areas with highest and lowest population density. Therefore; Asia is also called the continent of contrast. The temperature decreases from the equate to northwards, and the polar zone is the coldest area. The rainfall moves to Asia from the Bay of Bengal in the summer and from the Arabian sea in the winter. Tropical, Deciduous Coniferous, Alpine, and Tundra vegetation are common forests found on the continent.
Most of the Asian countries are least developed or underdeveloped. But, Japan, South Korea, Singapore etc. are developed nations. The middle East nations are rich in petroleum product. Most of the South Asian nations are poor and East Asian nations are developed Taiwan, Malaysia, Thailand, South Korea. Hong Kong is called newly industrialized nations. Russia and China are two big countries: India is the third largest country in Asia On the basis of population, China is the largest country followed by India and Indonesia.
International Relation (IR) can be compared with human relation. Some people are friendly and accommodative whereas some are quarrelsome. Some are rich and some are poor. Similarly, some countries are rich and powerful and some are poor and weak. Some countries create troubles and others try to find ways to resolve them.
The relation, which a country maintains with other countries, two or more than two countries, is called International Relation. Such a relation is very important in today’s world. No country: big or small; rich or poor can survive alone. They need others help in a number of areas.
Nepal is a peace loving country. It always wants to maintain friendly relation with both the neighboring and friendly countries around the world. It pursued a policy of isolation throughout the rule of the Ranas. Once the Rana ruled ended and democracy established in 1951 AD, Nepal opened up itself to the outside world. Since then, it has established diplomatic relations with many countries. Its number now has reached about 140. They are helping directly or indirectly for peace processing as we! as technical and financial aid. It has established an ambassadorial level of relationship with as many as 27 countries. The number of embassies is gradually increasing with the pace of the speedy world.
Is Nepal a part of India? No way. Nepal is neighbor country of India. Is Nepal a part of China? No, my friends, , it is also a neighbor country of China. Nepal lies between India and China. Nepal has a friendly relationship with most of the Asian countries. Nepal has social, religious, historical and geopolitical ties with two neighboring countries—China and India. Nepal also enjoys similar relation with other South Asian nations. A large number of Nepalis work in India, Korea, Malaysia, Japan, and Gulf countries. Nepal has participated, along with Asian countries, in international workshops seminars related to education, health, environment, democracy. Such programs also focus on women and children’s welfare, cultural exchange program, and sporting events. If you don’t know that what is the capital city of Nepal? then Kathmandu is the capital city of Nepal.
50 Facts about India and Nepal
- About 65% is the share of Nepal’s trade with India in its international trade.
- According to the OECD (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) model, 26 Nov 2011 (11 Mangsir, 2068) was Double Taxation Avoidance Agreement (DTAA) signed between Nepal and India.
- Dr. Bishnu Dutta Paudel, Bir Hospital is the Nepali physician to receive the South East Asia Region Palliative Care Award 2012 from the Cancer Aid Society, India.
- 27 Oct 2009 was the Nepal-India Trade Treaty last signed.
- So as to honor our Aadikavi (forerunner poet) Bhanubhakta Acharya, Alipur Road of Kolkata, India renamed as Bhanubhakta Sharani.
- 4 Aswin, 2053 was the Mahakali Treaty signed between Nepal and India passed by the parliament.
- There are 22 formal entry-points have been fixed between Nepal and India.
- In the presence of the Prime Ministers of both Nepal and India, the foreign minister of Nepal Dr. Prakashchandra Lohani and his Indian counterpart Pranav Mukherjee signed the Mahakali treaty on 12 Feb 1996.
- In India, Koshi River is known as Damodar.
- The major rivers of Nepal the Koshi, Gandaki, and Karnali joins in the Ganges in India.
- Mechi river is called Mahananda in India.
- 4 (Narayani, Gandaki, Rapti, and Bheri) zones of Nepal lie at the border of India only.
- Bechendri Paal of India on 23 May 1984 is the fifth successful woman climber of Mt Everest.
- India made air agreement with Nepal first.
- Kirants of Nepal originate Baishali (Muzaffarpur district) of Bihar, India.
- Indian Emperor Ashok constructed the Ashok pillars in Lumbini.
- Indian Emperor Ashok comes to Nepal during Sthunko’s rule.
- What Banke, Bardiya, Kailali and Kanchanpur are the four districts returned by East India Company on 1 November 1860 on the recognition of Jung Bahadur’s military help offered to suppress the Indian Sepoy Mutiny of 1857 AD.
- Dev Shumsher dies in 1970 in Mansuri, India.
- Mohan Shumsher signed from Nepal’s side on the Nepal-India Treaty 1950.
- Padma Shumsher is the Rana prime minister to go to India on the pretext of medical treatment and tender his resignation from there.
- Lieutenant General Bradshaw signed on the Sugauli Treaty from the side of the East India Company.
- After King Tribhuwan took asylum in Indian Embassy and flew to Delhi, whom did Mohan Shumsher enthrone to King Gyanendra?
- Singh Shumsher is the first Nepali ambassador for India.
- During the Rana regime, Kasachari was the tax India paid for grazing animals on Nepal’s land.
- The first repatriation treaty (Supurdagi sandhi) between Nepal and India concluded in 1911 BS.
- King Tribhuwan leave the royal palace and seek an asylum in Indian Embassy in 21 Kartik, 2007.
- Nepal-India Commerce Treaty renewed in 10, Kartik, 2066.
- During the Lichchhavi period, the people of Nepal use to go for higher education in Nalanda and Vikramshila of India.
- Gangawai (Indian woman) is the person to encourage the development of woman education in Nepal.
- Nepal borders with Sikkim and West Bengal in the east, Uttar Pradesh, and Uttaranchal in the west and Bihar state of India lies in the south of Nepal.
- In Eighth schedules of the Indian constitution is the Nepali language mentioned.
- Rameshwar temple of India can be visited by the king of Nepal only.
- Country India ‘s sea route should Nepal use for its overseas trade.
- Nepal is trading most with country India.
- Nepal-India diplomatic relation established on 13 June 1947.
- India is such country that has not recognized Nepal as a ‘zone of peace’.
- Nepali language listed in the 8th schedule of the Indian constitution on 19 Aug 1992.
- Mechi river is called Mahananda in India.
- Karnali River is known as Ghanghara in India.
- Mahakali River is called Sharada when it enters India.
- Hindi is the national language of India and Nepali is the national language of Nepal.
- Kathmandu is the capital of nepal and New Delhi is the capital city of India.
- Motto of India is Truth Alone Triumphs and Motto of Nepal is mother and motherland are greater than heaven.
- Largest city of Nepal is Kathmandu and Mumbai is the largest city in India.
- Most of popular cities in India are Bombay, Delhi, New Delhi, Bangalore, Calcutta, Madras, Ahmadabad, Hyderabad, Pune, Surat etc and most of popular cities in nepal are Kathmandu, Pokhara, Lalitpur, Biratnagar, Birganj, Dharan, Bharatpur, Janakpur, Dhangadhi, Butwal.
- Unemployment Rate in India is 8.5% but unemployment rate in Nepal is 46%.
- Pranab Mukherjee is cheif executive in India and dr. Ram Baran Yadav is the chief executive in Nepal.
- Legislature Size in India with 790 members and Legislature Size in Nepal with 601 members.
- Percent of National Parliament Seats Held by Women in India is 11 percent but Percent of National Parliament Seats Held by Women in Nepal is 33 percent.